Fedora on the UDOO Neo

Some time ago I backed the UDOO Neo Kickstarter as it looked like a nifty, well featured, IoT device. I got the full option which came with 1Gb RAM and both wired and wireless Ethernet and some add-on sensors. It was a well run kickstarter campaign and the device was well packaged with a fab box. It has both a Cortex-A9 processor to run Fedora and a Cortex-M4 embedded processor to enable you to do Arduino style functionality which should be interesting to experiment with.

For various reasons it has sat around gathering dust, it’s been a bit of a long drawn out process with me randomly poking it as time allowed.. Primarily this was because there was no decent upstream U-Boot and kernel support, and I’d not had the time to hack that up myself from various downstream git repositories, but even without Fedora support their forked Ubuntu distro in the form of UDOObuntu has an experience that is truly terrible!

Late 2016 the problem of a lack of upstream support for U-Boot and kernel changed with initial basic support landing upstream for all three (Basic, Extended and Full) models so with a few cycles over a weekend it was time to dust it off to see if I could get Fedora 26 (did I mention this has been long running?) running on it and to see what worked.

The first thing for me to do was to setup a serial console for easy debugging. The UDOO Neo documentation is generally outstanding and the pins for the UART1 TTL are documented. Two things to note here is that the headers are female rather than the usual SBC male pins so I had to bodge my usual usb to serial TTL with some male-male jumper wires and you’ll need a ground for the TTL which is undocumented on their page, I used one of the GNDs as documented on connector J7 and all was good.

So after an initial set of fixes to the U-Boot support it saw my Fedora install and started to boot! Success! Well sort of, as mentioned above the initial support is rudimentary, it started to boot the kernel and very quickly managed to corrupt and destroy the filesystem not making it much beyond switch root. That wasn’t good. In the last week or two I’ve had a little time to look again, similar issues, it was better than it was a year or so ago but it still ended up with corruption. I reached out to one of the maintainers from NXP that deals with a bunch of the i.MX platforms and I got directed to a handful of patches, a test kernel and image later and a test boot… all the way to initial-setup! SUCCESS!

The core support for the i.MX6SX SoC and the UDOO Neo is pretty reasonable, with the MMC fixes it’s been very stable, all the core bits are working as expected, included wired and wireless network, thermal, cpufreq, crypto and it looks like the display should work fine. There’s a few quirks that I need to investigate further which should provide for a fun evening or weekend hacking. There has also been recently merged support for the i.MX6SX Cortex-M4 land upstream in Zephyr upstream for the 1.13 release, so getting that running and communication using Open-AMP between Fedora and Zephyr should also be an interesting addition. I think this will be a welcome addition to Fedora 29, and not a moment too soon!!

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